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When early-stage companies start talking to potential partners, customers, advisors, employees and financiers, they are armed with these two essentials -- the elevator pitch and the executive summary. The former is an absolute must. From all accounts, both play extremely important 'concept streamlining and focusing' roles in the business planning process as well.

The requisite non-disclosure agreements are useful to have as well.

The Elevator Pitch
This is a 30 to 60 second summary of what your business is about. Formulating your pitch is a very valuable exercise, since it forces you to isolate what the most important/appealing aspects of your business are, and to focus your business ideas. Also, if you're a b2c company, and you can't articulate your product ideas in under a minute, you may have a tough marketing effort ahead of you. In general, from what I've heard, ten or more versions is not uncommon. Here are some links that could help:
The Executive Summary
Think of this as a mini-business plan and concept/team marketing document, all rolled into one. After reading this document, the relevant person should want to partner with, join, buy from, or fund your company, or should at least be interested enough to get back to you for more information. The length of the summary varies (1 to 3 pages, typically). Most include a description of your product concept, current team, target customers, potential market size, competitors, key differentiators (how will you build and sustain competitive advantage), and brief financials (revenue projections and cash needs at least a few months forward).

For consumer products/services, a brief marketing plan is standard. Some people include a crisp, 2-3 line exit strategy ("we're going to IPO" doesn't quite cut it). If relevant, the stage of product development, key partnerships and patents are also summarized.

I haven't really found any decent sites that guide one through writing an executive summary. And most samples on the web are either too dry, or are poorly written. Anyway, here are a couple of links that people have used in the past:

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